|Statement||Oliver Thränert (ed.).|
|Contributions||Thränert, Oliver, 1959-, Enhancing the Biological Weapons Convention (1996 : Bonn, Germany)|
|LC Classifications||KZ5825.21972 .E54 1996|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||176 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||176|
|LC Control Number||97143629|
Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), international treaty that bans the use of biological weapons in war and prohibits all development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, or transfer of such weapons. The convention was signed in London, Moscow, and Washington, D.C., on Ap , and. The Biological Weapons Convention was the first comprehensive disarmament agreement banning the entire category of biological weapons, prohibiting the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition or retention of “microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin in quantities that have no justification for. Biological warfare (BW)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, insects, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war. Biological weapons (often termed "bio-weapons", "biological threat agents", or "bio-agents") are living organisms or replicating entities (i.e. viruses. Biological Weapons Convention. The BWC is critical to international efforts to address the threat posed by biological weapons – whether in the hands of governments or non-state actors. To remain effective, it must deal with all biological threats we face in the 21st century.
Cooperation among nations of the world is a sine qua non for global disease surveillance. Neglect of the BWC by international community, reluctance of states to report on BWC-related issues under Article X of the BWC and/or under Form A to G (CBMs), dual-use nature of equipment and technologies used in biological research are among major challenges in verification of biological weapons. The study of viruses once challenged the world’s notion of what is “biological,” and for a time it was unclear whether viruses were regulated by the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC). Lying “at the edge of life,” viruses likely were not banned as a biological weapon until they were defined as a biological agent in , more than 40 years after the first multilateral treaty. he Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) effectively prohibits the development, production, acquisition, transfer, stockpiling and use of biological and toxin weapons. It was the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning an entire category of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Providing a comprehensive insider's account of the negotiations on the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) Protocol from their origin to collapse, Jez Littlewood examines and explains the efforts to control biological weapons at the international level and assesses the consequences of the failure of the BWC Protocol.
T he Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (BTWC) has been in force since The convention was the first arms control treaty to ban an entire class of weapons, and it has served as the absolute norm against the use of biological weapons. 1. The U.N. guidebook was a compilation of information from 12 nations participating in the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, known as the BWC. book. The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention entirely prohibits biological warfare, but it has no effective verification mechanism to ensure that the plus States Parties are living up to their obli. The Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) was an international treaty established in the early s which ostensibly banned countries from creating bio-weapons. The US and most of the nations of the world signed it. Nixon evidently took it seriously and significantly diminished the bio-weapons arms race in the US, by apparently sincerely Reviews: