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Constructivism in science education a philosophical examination

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Published by Kluwer Academic in Dordrecht, Boston .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Science -- Study and teaching -- Philosophy.,
  • Constructivism (Philosophy)

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

Statementedited by Michael R. Matthews.
ContributionsMatthews, Michael R.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQ181 .C612 1998
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 234 p. ;
Number of Pages234
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL699573M
ISBN 100792350332
LC Control Number97047347

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In this sense, constructionism is connected with experiential learning and builds on Jean Piaget's epistemological theory of constructivism. [2] Seymour Papert defined constructionism in a proposal to the National Science Foundation titled Constructionism: A New Opportunity for Elementary Science Education as follows. Constructivist teaching in science "The most conspicuous psychological influence on curriculum thinking in science since has been the constructivist view of learning." (Fensham, , p) Tobin () remarked that as "constructivism has become increasingly popular in the past ten years. it represents a paradigm change in science. Buy The Practice of Constructivism in Science Education: Read Books Reviews - Constructivism has been considered as a dominant paradigm, or research programme, in the field of science term constructivism is widely used in many fields, and not always with quite the same intention. This entry offers an account of how constructivism is most commonly understood in science education.

Constructivism's central idea is that human learning is constructed, that learners build new knowledge upon the foundation of previous learning. This prior knowledge influences what new or modified knowledge an individual will construct from new learning experiences (Phillips, ). Learning is an active process. Constructivism is a theory in education that recognizes the learners' understanding and knowledge based on their own experiences prior to entering school. It is associated with various philosophical positions, particularly in epistemology as well as ontology, politics, and ethics. The origin of the theory is also linked to Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development. S. Sjøberg, in International Encyclopedia of Education (Third Edition), Constructivism is a term that should be used with care. It is widely used in many disciplines, and even in the more limited area of education, it is obvious that the term is used with very different meanings. This article focuses on constructivism in science education. The book consists of 19 chapters arranged into four sections that focus on the nature of constructivism, constructivism and the teaching and learning of science, constructivist perspectives on teacher education, and conclusions.

The Nature of Science in Science Education is the first book to blend a justification for the inclusion of the history and philosophy of science in science teaching with methods by which this. Furthermore, it appears that constructivism, for some science educators, in any case, has become the new ideology of science education that provides a cure for every problem of teaching and Author: Reinders Duit. Constructivism as educational theory informs optimally guided instruction, not minimally guided instruction. I have written quite a lot relating to constructivism, especially in science education. I think that this topic is very important, and the confusion about what counts as enquiry learning, constructivism, direction instruction, etc. is. Constructivism is one of the most influential theories in contemporary education and learning theory. It has had great influence in science education. The papers in this collection represent, arguably, the most sustained examination of the theoretical and philosophical foundations of constructivism yet published. Topics covered include: orthodox epistemology and the .